Lesson 1: Greetings

What’s the first thing one learns to say in any language? Why, greetings of course!!

 

1. KONNICHIWA

Equivalent to Hello/Good day/Good afternoon. Literally means On this day/ Today is. This is an all purpose greeting for both formal and informal situations.

 

2. KONBANWA

Equivalent to “Good evening“. Literally means “This evening”. Suitable for formal as well as informal situations.

 

3. OHAYOU / OHAYOU GOZAIMASU

Equivalent to “Good morning“. Literally means “It’s early”. OHAYO can be used in informal situations, OHAYO GOZAIMASU is used for both formal and informal situations.

 

4. OYASUMI / OYASUMI NASAI

Equivalent to “Good night“. Literally means “Please rest / Please take it easy”. OYASUMI can be used in informal situations while OYASUMI NASAI is used for both formal and informal situations.

 

5. SUMIMASEN

Equivalent to “Excuse me” , but can also be used to say “Sorry” as well as “Thank you“. Literally means “It’s inexcusable”. Suitable for both formal and informal situations.

 

6. GOMEN / GOMEN NASAI

Equivalent to “I’m sorry“. Literally means “Please excuse (me) / Please pardon (me)”. GOMEN can be used in informal situations while GOMEN NASAI is used for both formal and informal situations.

 

7. ARIGATOU / ARIGATOU GOZAIMASU

Equivalent to “Thank you“. Could be translated as “Sorry for the trouble / It must have been troublesome.”. ARIGATOU can be used in informal situations while ARIGATOU GOZAIMASU is used for formal situations.

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